Your question: What are uncoiled chromosomes called?

What is the uncoiled DNA in interphase called?

During interphase the DNA strands are uncoiled (uncondensed) in the nucleus. This uncondensed genetic material is called chromatin; thus an uncondensed chromosome can be called chromatin. … In addition, during prophase, spindle microtubules begin to form near the nucleus on opposite sides.

What are duplicated doubled chromosomes called?

The process of creating two new cells begins once a cell has duplicated its chromosomes. In this state each chromosome consists of a joined pair of identical replicas called chromatids.

What is chromatin uncoiled?

chromatin: Chromatin is a molecule consisting of DNA and histones. It is the primary constituent of a chromosome. When a chromosome is uncoiled, it is referred to as chromatin. chromosome: A tightly coiled macromolecule of DNA and its associated proteins.

What do you call uncoiled chromosomes?

Chromosomes can only be seen when a cell is. Dividing. Uncoiled chromosomes are called. Chromatin.

What is meant by homologous chromosomes?

Homologous chromosomes: A pair of chromosomes that contain the same gene sequences, each derived from one parent.

What is the term diploid?

Diploid describes a cell that contain two copies of each chromosome. Nearly all the cells in the human body carry two homologous, or similar, copies of each chromosome. … The total number of chromosomes in diploid cells is described as 2n, which is twice the number of chromosomes in a haploid cell (n).

IT IS INTERESTING:  Why is the duplication of chromosomes important?

What is the term heterozygous mean?

(HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).