DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the cell’s genetic material, contained in chromosomes within the cell nucleus and mitochondria. … A chromosome contains many genes. A gene is a segment of DNA that provides the code to construct a protein. The DNA molecule is a long, coiled double helix that resembles a spiral staircase.
What is the relation between DNA and proteins?
DNA carries the genetic information for making proteins. The four bases A, T, C and G make up the genetic code. The base sequence determines amino acid sequence in protein.
How are genes and DNA related? A gene is a segment of DNA that codes for a protein or RNA molecules. … Strands of DNA stretches out so that information contained can be decoded and used to direct the synthesis of proteins needed by the cell.
What is the relationship between DNA and proteins quizlet?
what is the relationship between DNA and proteins? a DNA molecule that contains the information to code for one specific protein. The sequence of bases in the DNA molecule determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein.
What best describes the relationship between genes DNA and chromosomes?
Which best describes the relationship between DNA, genes, and chromosomes? Genes are segments of DNA which form tight coils called chromosomes.