You asked: How does mutation in gametes affect genetic variation?

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How does gametes affect genetic variation?

Genetic variation is increased by meiosis

Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA. This produces a unique combination of genes in the resulting zygote. Recombination or crossing over occurs during prophase I.

What effect do mutations have on variation?

Mutations can be inherited and therefore passed on from one individual to another. If a mutation causes a new phenotype that makes an organisms better suited to a particular environment, it can lead to rapid change in the characteristics of the individuals in that species.

How does mutation occur in genetic variation?

Mutations are the original source of genetic variation. A mutation is a permanent alteration to a DNA sequence. De novo (new) mutations occur when there is an error during DNA replication that is not corrected by DNA repair enzymes.

What will happen if there is a mutation to the gametes?

If a mutation occurs in a germ-line cell (one that will give rise to gametes, i.e., egg or sperm cells), then this mutation can be passed to an organism’s offspring. This means that every cell in the developing embryo will carry the mutation.

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Why do gametes vary?

The reason why this sharing of traits occurs is because of meiosis, which is the process in which gametes are produced. … Crossing over results in two new and different autosomes, and each will go their seperate way into a seperate gamete, (gametes are haploid cells, so they will only have one copy of each chromosome).

What are 3 reasons to explain genetic variations in meiosis?

Genetic diversity arises due to the shuffling of chromosomes during meiosis.

  • Process of Meiosis. A man produces sperm and a woman produces eggs because their reproductive cells undergo meiosis. …
  • Crossing Over. …
  • Random Segregation. …
  • Independent Assortment.

What is mutation variation?

Genetic variations can arise from gene variants (also called mutations) or from a normal process in which genetic material is rearranged as a cell is getting ready to divide (known as genetic recombination). Genetic variations that alter gene activity or protein function can introduce different traits in an organism.

Is mutation the same as variation?

Genetic variation refers to diversity in gene frequencies. Genetic variation can refer to differences between individuals or to differences between populations. Mutation is the ultimate source of genetic variation, but mechanisms such as sexual reproduction and genetic drift contribute to it as well.

What causes variation?

Genetic variation exists because of changes to chromosomes or genes (DNA). Mutations are random changes in the number of chromosomes (e.g. Down syndrome) or the structure of a gene (e.g. cystic fibrosis). Independent assortment during meiosis increases variation because it results in genetically different gametes .

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What is the process of mutation?

A mutation is a change that occurs in our DNA sequence, either due to mistakes when the DNA is copied or as the result of environmental factors such as UV light and cigarette smoke. Over a lifetime our DNA? can undergo changes or ‘mutations?‘ in the sequence of bases?, A, C, G and T.