What phase does meiosis 2 occur?
Meiosis II may begin with interkinesis or interphase II. This differs from interphase I in that no S phase occurs, as the DNA has already been replicated. Thus only a G phase occurs. Meiosis II is known as equational division, as the cells begin as haploid cells and end as haploid cells.
Is fertilization mitosis or meiosis?
Whereas somatic cells undergo mitosis to proliferate, the germ cells undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes (the sperm and the egg). The development of a new progeny organism is then initiated by the fusion of these gametes at fertilization.
Does fertilization occur in mitosis?
The fertilized cell is a zygote. The zygote undergoes mitosis to form two identical cells that remain attached. This takes place about 36 hours after fertilization. Mitosis then occurs more frequently.
What are the four stages meiosis II?
Like mitosis, meiosis also has distinct stages called prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. A key difference, however, is that during meiosis, each of these phases occurs twice — once during the first round of division, called meiosis I, and again during the second round of division, called meiosis II.
What are the phases of meiosis?
- Interphase: The DNA in the cell is copied resulting in two identical full sets of chromosomes. …
- Prophase I: The copied chromosomes condense into X-shaped structures that can be easily seen under a microscope. …
- Metaphase I: …
- Anaphase I: …
- Telophase I and cytokinesis:
What events occur during meiosis I and meiosis II?
In meiosis I, homologous chromosomes separate, while in meiosis II, sister chromatids separate. Meiosis II produces 4 haploid daughter cells, whereas meiosis I produces 2 diploid daughter cells. Genetic recombination (crossing over) only occurs in meiosis I.
At what point is meiosis 2 completed for the female gamete?
The answer is c) fertilization. The female gamete stays locked in metaphase II until fertilized by the male gamete.
Where does meiosis occur in males and females?
Meiosis occurs in two different stages, meiosis 1 and meiosis 2. In human males, meiosis occurs in the seminiferous tubules of the testicles while in females, it occurs in cells called as oogonia. In males, meiosis occurs at puberty while in females it occurs right at birth.