Which physical activity should children with Down syndrome avoid if they have atlantoaxial instability?

Can you play sports with atlantoaxial instability?

Persons with atlantoaxial subluxation or dislocation and neurologic signs should be restricted from “all strenuous activities.” Persons with Down syndrome who have no evidence of AAI may participate in all sports.

What is atlantoaxial instability in Down syndrome?

Atlanto-axial instability (AAI) is a condition that affects the bones in the upper spine or neck under the base of the skull. The joint between the upper spine and base of the skull is called the atlanto-axial joint. In people with Down syndrome, the ligaments (connections between muscles) are “lax” or floppy.

Can Down syndrome play sports?

Since then, athletes with Down syndrome have emerged as versatile sports stars—from swimming to track & field to gymnastics to judo. More recently, they’ve embraced a new milestone: taking on endurance sports, such as the triathlon and open water swimming.

What are the limitations of a person with Down syndrome?

Severe heart problems may lead to early death. People with Down syndrome have an increased risk for certain types of leukemia, which can also cause early death. The level of intellectual disability varies, but is usually moderate. Adults with Down syndrome have an increased risk for dementia.

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What prevents atlantoaxial instability?

Individuals with AAI are restricted from participation in certain activities that may result in cervical spine injury. These include gymnastics, diving, pentathlon, butterfly stroke, diving starts in swimming, high jump, soccer, and certain warmup exercises.

How do you assess for atlantoaxial instability?

The patient is asked to slowly flex the head performing a slight cervical nod, at the same time the examiner presses posteriorly on the patient’s forehead. A sliding motion of the head in relation to the axis indicates atlantoaxial instability.

Why is physical activity important for children with Down syndrome?

Exercise is particularly important for children with Down Syndrome as it will help: Develop physical and social skills. Establish a regular routine around exercise early in their life so that they can continue to exercise when they are adults.

How do you entertain a child with Down syndrome?

12 Booster Activities for Kids With Down Syndrome

  1. Listen to Me. …
  2. Sign It, Say It. …
  3. Together, You and I. …
  4. One at a Time. …
  5. I Want That! …
  6. Rainbow of Learning. …
  7. Tell Me More. …
  8. A Visual Helper.

What are the physical needs of someone with Down syndrome?

Children with Down syndrome want to do what all children want to do: they want to sit, crawl, walk, explore their environment, and interact with the people around them. To do that, they need to develop their gross motor skills.