How is prophase in meiosis different from prophase in mitosis?
During prophase I, the chromosomes condense, as in mitosis. However, the homologous chromosomes also pair in prophase I. … Unlike in mitosis, the sister chromosomes stay together through meiosis I, but the homologous chromosomes are separated. Each homologous chromosome carries different alleles for each gene.
What is the difference between prophase in mitosis and prophase 2 in meiosis?
These spindles which are basically microtubules start to capture the chromosomes. The distinguishing factor about this prophase and that of mitosis are that prophase II takes place with a haploid number of chromosomes while the mitotic prophase takes place with a diploid number of chromosomes.
Which event occurs in prophase 1 of meiosis but not prophase of mitosis?
In meiosis , synapsis ( Pairing of homologous chromosome ) , Crossing over ( exchange of chromosomal segment between nos sister chromatids ) occurs which does not occur in mitosis.
What are the main differences between mitosis and meiosis?
Mitosis is a single nuclear division that results in two nuclei that are genetically identical to the original parent nucleus. In meiosis, the two nuclear divisions result in four nuclei that are not genetically identical and contain one chromosome set only that usually divide into four new haploid daughter cells.
What happens in prophase I of meiosis that does not happen in mitosis or in prophase 2?
The events that occur in meiosis but not mitosis include homologous chromosomes pairing up, crossing over, and lining up along the metaphase plate in tetrads.
What happens in prophase in mitosis?
Prophase is the first phase of mitosis, the process that separates the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus of a parent cell into two identical daughter cells. During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses.
What is a major difference between meiosis II and mitosis?
The major difference between meiosis II and mitosis is the ploidy of the starting cell. Meiosis II begins with two haploid cells, which have half the number of chromosomes as somatic cells. This is because they will develop into gametes. Mitosis begins with a diploid cell.
Which does not occur during prophase of meiosis I?
E) Homologous pairs of chromosomes align at the metaphase plate does not occur during prophase I of meiosis.
What is the one process that occurs in meiosis 1 that does not occur in meiosis 2?
Homologous pairs of cells are present in meiosis I and separate into chromosomes before meiosis II. In meiosis II, these chromosomes are further separated into sister chromatids. Meiosis I includes crossing over or recombination of genetic material between chromosome pairs, while meiosis II does not.
Which of the following happens during prophase 1 of meiosis?
During prophase I, homologous chromosomes pair and form synapses, a step unique to meiosis. The paired chromosomes are called bivalents, and the formation of chiasmata caused by genetic recombination becomes apparent. Chromosomal condensation allows these to be viewed in the microscope.