What stage creates diploid cells?
Two successive nuclear divisions occur, Meiosis I (Reduction) and Meiosis II (Division). Meiosis produces 4 haploid cells. Mitosis produces 2 diploid cells.
What is a diploid in cell division?
Diploid describes a cell that contain two copies of each chromosome. Nearly all the cells in the human body carry two homologous, or similar, copies of each chromosome. The total number of chromosomes in diploid cells is described as 2n, which is twice the number of chromosomes in a haploid cell (n). …
What are the stages of cell division called?
Mitosis is conventionally divided into five stages known as prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. While mitosis is taking place, there is no cell growth and all of the cellular energy is focused on cell division. During prophase, the replicated pairs of chromosomes condense and compact themselves.
Does meiosis 1 produce diploid cells?
During meiosis I, the cell is diploid because the homologous chromosomes are still located within the same cell membrane.
How are diploid cells produced?
Diploid cells, or somatic cells, contain two complete copies of each chromosome within the cell nucleus. The two copies of one chromosome pair up and are called homologous chromosomes. Diploid cells are produced by mitosis and the daughter cells are exact replicas of the parent cell. …
What are the 4 stages of cell cycle?
In eukaryotes, the cell cycle consists of four discrete phases: G1, S, G2, and M. The S or synthesis phase is when DNA replication occurs, and the M or mitosis phase is when the cell actually divides. The other two phases — G1 and G2, the so-called gap phases — are less dramatic but equally important.