What is the Greek word of chromosome?

Is chromosome Greek or Latin?

The word chromosome was originally coined in German from the Greek words khroma, meaning “color,” and soma meaning “body.” In the late 1800s, a scientist, Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz, gave chromosomes their name because chromosomes easily accept dye and take on patterns of light and dark when exposed to different stains …

What does the word chromosome mean?

[ (kroh-muh-sohmz) ] The small bodies in the nucleus of a cell that carry the chemical “instructions” for reproduction of the cell. They consist of strands of DNA wrapped in a double helix around a core of proteins. Each species of plant or animal has a characteristic number of chromosomes.

What is another word chromosome?

Chromosome Synonyms – WordHippo Thesaurus.

What is another word for chromosome?

RNA DNA
heredity chromatin
deoxyribonucleic acid nucleic acid
genetic code

What is chromosomes in simple words?

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.

What does chromosome mean in Latin?

word-forming element meaning “the body,” Modern Latin, from Greek sōma “the body” (see somato-). See more. chromatin. genome.

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What does the chromosome do?

Chromosomes are structures found in the center (nucleus) of cells that carry long pieces of DNA. DNA is the material that holds genes. It is the building block of the human body. Chromosomes also contain proteins that help DNA exist in the proper form.

What is chromosome in a sentence?

A chromosome is a part of a cell in an animal or plant. It contains genes which determine what characteristics the animal or plant will have. Each cell of our bodies contains 46 chromosomes.

What is the opposite of chromosome?

The word chromosome refers to a strand of DNA that carries and encodes genetic information. There are no categorical antonyms for this word.

What is the synonym of gene?

synonyms for gene

  • RNA.
  • chromosome.
  • heredity.
  • genetic code.
  • nucleic acid.