What is it important for DNA to condense into chromosomes?

Why is it so important for DNA to condense into chromosomes?

During mitosis, the chromosomes condense so that each chromosome is a distinct unit. Prior to mitosis, the cell copies its DNA so that it contains two copies of each chromosome. … Condensing the DNA into tightly packed chromosomes makes the process of chromosome alignment and separation during mitosis more efficient.

What is the importance of chromatin being condensed into chromosomes during cell division?

Chromosomes are made up of a DNA-protein complex called chromatin that is organized into subunits called nucleosomes. The way in which eukaryotes compact and arrange their chromatin not only allows a large amount of DNA to fit in a small space, but it also helps regulate gene expression.

Why is the condensation of chromatin necessary?

Condensation of chromatin into sturdy chromosomes is also necessary to establish proper physical properties. Chromosomes must be stiff, resilient, and elastic enough to withstand forces coming from pulling microtubules and cytoplasmic drags during mitosis to prevent damage and breaks caused by external tensions.

Why does DNA condense into chromosomes during mitosis for cell division?

Why does the DNA condense into chromosomes during cell division? … By condensing DNA into chromosomes, cells can align each chromosome (or during meiosis, each tetrad), along the metaphase plate. The spindle fibers can then pull apart sister chromatids (in Mitosis) or homologous chromosomes (Meiosis I).

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Why does the chromatin condense into chromosomes before mitosis begins?

The DNA begins to condense into chromosomes. Because all the DNA has been replicated already, each chromosome is made up of two sister chromatids which have identical DNA. The two sister chromatids of a chromosome are connected in the center of the chromosome, called the centromere.