What is homozygous genotype?
(HOH-moh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.
What is an example of a heterozygous genotype?
Heterozygous means that an organism has two different alleles of a gene. For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.
What is an example of the genotype of a homozygous individual?
With eye color, for instance, “B” stands for a brown allele and “b” stands for a blue allele. An organism with two dominant alleles for a trait is said to have a homozygous dominant genotype. Using the eye color example, this genotype is written BB.
What is heterozygous genotype?
Listen to pronunciation. (HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
Is BB a homozygous genotype?
If the two alleles inherited for a trait are the same, they are represented by two identical letters, such as BB or bb. This is called a homozygous genotype. If the two alleles are different, such as Bb, the genotype is heterozygous.
Which is heterozygous AA AA or AA?
Homozygous means that both copies of a gene or locus match while heterozygous means that the copies do not match. Two dominant alleles (AA) or two recessive alleles (aa) are homozygous. One dominant allele and one recessive allele (Aa) is heterozygous.
Is AA heterozygous or homozygous?
If an organism has two copies of the same allele, for example AA or aa, it is homozygous for that trait. If the organism has one copy of two different alleles, for example Aa, it is heterozygous.
What are some examples of a homozygous?
- Eye color. The brown eye color allele is dominant over the blue eye allele. You can have brown eyes whether you’re homozygous (two alleles for brown eyes) or heterozygous (one for brown and one for blue). …
- Freckles. Freckles are tiny brown spots on the skin. …
- Hair color. Red hair is a recessive trait.