What is a chromosome simple definition?

What is a chromosome kid definition?

Say: kro-muh-soamz. Your body is made up of billions of cells, which are too small to see without a strong microscope. Inside most of those cells are chromosomes, which are thread-like strands that contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes. Genes determine physical traits, such as the color of your eyes.

What is the best definition of chromosomes?

[ (kroh-muh-sohmz) ] The small bodies in the nucleus of a cell that carry the chemical “instructions” for reproduction of the cell. They consist of strands of DNA wrapped in a double helix around a core of proteins. Each species of plant or animal has a characteristic number of chromosomes.

What is a chromosome simple definition?

(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

What is chromosome in your own words?

A chromosome is a strand of DNA that is encoded with genes. In most cells, humans have 22 pairs of these chromosomes plus the two sex chromosomes (XX in females and XY in males) for a total of 46.

What is chromosome in a sentence?

A chromosome is a part of a cell in an animal or plant. It contains genes which determine what characteristics the animal or plant will have. Each cell of our bodies contains 46 chromosomes.

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What is chromosome literally?

Answer : Chromosomes are thread like structure which is composed of DNA and protein. … The term “Chromosomes” literally means coloured body (chrom; colour, soma; body).

What is the main function of a chromosome?

Chromosome Function

Chromosomes carry the basic genetic material DNA which is responsible to provide hereditary characteristics and genetic information to the various cells. The cellular functions are important for the growth and survival of living organisms.

What is a DNA simple definition?

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid, which is a molecule that contains the instructions an organism needs to develop, live and reproduce. These instructions are found inside every cell and are passed down from parents to their offspring.