What is a chromosome simple definition?
(KROH-muh-some) A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.
What is a chromosome kid definition?
Say: kro-muh-soamz. Your body is made up of billions of cells, which are too small to see without a strong microscope. Inside most of those cells are chromosomes, which are thread-like strands that contain hundreds, or even thousands, of genes. Genes determine physical traits, such as the color of your eyes.
What is the best definition of a chromosome?
The definition of a chromosome is a thread-like structure of DNA (nucleic acids and proteins) that carries genes. The “X” or “Y” gene that determines whether you will be a boy or a girl is an example of a chromosome.
What is the meaning of chromosomes Why was it named so?
The word chromosome was originally coined in German from the Greek words khroma, meaning “color,” and soma meaning “body.” In the late 1800s, a scientist, Wilhelm von Waldeyer-Hartz, gave chromosomes their name because chromosomes easily accept dye and take on patterns of light and dark when exposed to different stains …
What do chromosomes do?
Chromosomes are structures found in the center (nucleus) of cells that carry long pieces of DNA. DNA is the material that holds genes. It is the building block of the human body. Chromosomes also contain proteins that help DNA exist in the proper form.
What are the 23 chromosomes?
The first 22 pairs of chromosomes are called autosomes. The 23rd pair of chromosomes are known as the sex chromosomes, because they decide if you will be born male or female. Females have two X chromosomes, while males have one X and one Y chromosome.
What is another word for chromosome?
- genetic code.
- nucleic acid.