What disease risks are at risk for an adult with Down syndrome?
Compared to the group without DS, there was a higher prevalence in the DS group of congenital heart disease, cardiac arrhythmia, dementia, pulmonary hypertension, diabetes and sleep apnea, and a lower prevalence of ever-smoking.
What do adults with Down syndrome struggle with?
As adults with Down syndrome grow older, there is increased risk of experiencing certain common mental health disorders like depression, anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder and behavioral disturbances. A sudden or abrupt change in mood or behavior patterns warrants further investigation.
Which condition do older adults with Down syndrome tend to develop?
Prevalence. As with all adults, advancing age also increases the chances a person with Down syndrome will develop Alzheimer’s disease. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, about 30% of people with Down syndrome who are in their 50s have Alzheimer’s dementia.
What are three common health problems that people with Down syndrome face?
Some of the conditions that occur more often among children with Down syndrome include:
- Heart defects. …
- Vision problems. …
- Hearing loss. …
- Infections. …
- Hypothyroidism. …
- Blood disorders. …
- Hypotonia (poor muscle tone). …
- Problems with the upper part of the spine.
What disease is similar to Down syndrome?
Williams syndrome and Down syndrome are both chromosomal disorders affecting people from birth. However, Williams syndrome is caused by a missing chromosome, while Down syndrome is caused by an extra chromosome.
Is Down syndrome considered a disease?
Down syndrome is a genetic disease resulting from a chromosomal abnormality. An individual with Down syndrome inherits all or part of an extra copy of Chromosome 21.
Can Down syndrome drive a car?
Down Syndrome Driving Classses
Many people with Down Syndrome lead independent lives, this includes being able to drive. If a person with Down syndrome can read and pass a driver’s education class and pass a road test, then they can get a driver’s license.
Why is Down syndrome a risk for Alzheimer’s?
The presence of beta-amyloid plaques is one of the hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease. By age 40, most people with Down syndrome have these plaques, along with other protein deposits, called tau tangles, which cause problems with how brain cells function and increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s symptoms.
What age group is high risk for someone with Down syndrome?
Women over age 35 are at higher risk for giving birth to a child with Down syndrome. People have long recognized there is a connection between maternal age and Down syndrome.
Why are individuals with Trisomy 21 at risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease?
Why are people with Down syndrome at greater risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease? Scientists believe the increased risk is due to the extra chromosome, chromosome 21, that causes Down syndrome. Persons born with Down syndrome have three copies (instead of the normal two copies) of this chromosome.