What are the mental effects of Down syndrome?

Are people with Down syndrome mentally different?

As a result people born with Down syndrome face some physical and mental challenges throughout life. They typically have distinctive body and facial features that set them apart. They are more likely to develop slowly, and are more at risk for some medical conditions.

What are the intellectual effects of Down syndrome?

Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.

How does Down syndrome affect personality?

There are also reports of increased positive mood and predictability in behaviour in individuals with Down syndrome, supporting the more positive pleasant aspects of the personality stereotype, as well as reports of lower activity levels, less persistence, and more distractibility than other children, supporting the …

What are the physical and mental characteristics of Down syndrome?

People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children. Some common physical features of Down syndrome include: A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose. Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.

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Can someone with Down syndrome have normal intelligence?

I.Q. scores for people with Down syndrome vary, with the average cognitive delays being mild to moderate, not severe. In fact, normal intelligence is possible.

What is the average mental age of a person with Down syndrome?

7 individuals with Down syndrome (mean mental age = 8.18 +/- 2.73 years; mean chronological age = 29.8 +/- 5.4 years) and a group of 9 typically developing children, matched for mental age, (mean mental age = 8.40 +/- 1.73 years; mean chronological age = 7.2 +/- 1.2 years) were given a version of Cooper and Shepherd’s …

What are examples of intellectual disabilities?

For example, children with intellectual disability may:

  • sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children.
  • learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking.
  • find it hard to remember things.
  • have trouble understanding social rules.
  • have trouble seeing the results of their actions.
  • have trouble solving problems.

What are the causes of intellectual disabilities?

The most common causes of intellectual disabilities are:

  • Genetic conditions. Sometimes an intellectual disability is caused by abnormal genes inherited from parents, errors when genes combine, or other reasons. …
  • Complications during pregnancy. …
  • Problems during birth. …
  • Diseases or toxic exposure.

What are some personality traits of Down syndrome?

People with Down syndrome can feel angry, sad, embarrassed or excited. In fact, rather than always being happy, people with Down syndrome are at higher risk of mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety and obsessive-compulsive behaviour than the general population.