What are essential for the structure of chromosomes?
DNA provides genetic information for various cellular functions. These functions are essential for growth, survival, and reproduction of the organisms. Histones and other proteins cover the Chromosomes. These proteins protect it from chemical (e.g., enzymes) and physical forces.
What is the main element of chromosome?
The major chemical components of the chromosome are DNA, RNA (nucleic acids), and proteins (histones and nonhistones).
Which describes the structural properties of a eukaryotic chromosome?
Eukaryotic chromosomes consist of a DNA-protein complex that is organized in a compact manner which permits the large amount of DNA to be stored in the nucleus of the cell. The subunit designation of the chromosome is chromatin. The fundamental unit of chromatin is the nucleosome.
What are chromosomes list their functions?
Chromosomes are essential for the process of cell division, replication, division, and creation of daughter cells. Chromosomes are often called the ‘packaging material’ because it tightly holds the DNA and proteins together in the eukaryotic cells.
What are chromosomes write their functions?
Chromosomes are thread-like structures present in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, which carries genetic information from one generation to another. They play a vital role in cell division, heredity, variation, mutation, repair and regeneration.
What are the functions of chromosomes Class 8?
Answer: Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of a cell. Function: Chromosomes carry genes and help to transfer characters from the parents to the offspring.