What is the appearance of prophase?
Prophase: The chromosomes pair up and condense, the nuclear membrane breaks down and the spindle forms from microtubules inside the cell. Prophase cells have visible chromosomes, appearing as dark threads that shorten as they undergo coiling.
What appears or becomes visible during prophase?
In prophase, the nucleolus disappears and chromosomes condense and become visible. In prometaphase, kinetochores appear at the centromeres and mitotic spindle microtubules attach to kinetochores.
How do you identify prophase?
During prophase, the molecules of DNA condense, becoming shorter and thicker until they take on the traditional X-shaped appearance. The nuclear envelope breaks down, and the nucleolus disappears. The cytoskeleton also disassembles, and those microtubules form the spindle apparatus.
Which of the following events occurs during prophase?
During prophase, the chromosomes condense and centrosomes move to opposite sides of the nucleus, initiating formation of the mitotic spindle. Breakdown of the nuclear envelope then allows spindle microtubules to attach (more…)
What is prophase in simple words?
1 : the initial stage of mitosis and of the mitotic division of meiosis characterized by the condensation of chromosomes consisting of two chromatids, disappearance of the nucleolus and nuclear membrane, and formation of mitotic spindle.
What is a major feature of prophase in mitosis?
Mitosis begins at prophase with the thickening and coiling of the chromosomes. … The end of prophase is marked by the beginning of the organization of a group of fibres to form a spindle and the disintegration of the nuclear membrane.
What structures can be seen in prophase?
During prophase, the complex of DNA and proteins contained in the nucleus, known as chromatin, condenses. The chromatin coils and becomes increasingly compact, resulting in the formation of visible chromosomes. Chromosomes are made of a single piece of DNA that is highly organized.
What happens in prophase of meiosis?
During prophase I, the complex of DNA and protein known as chromatin condenses to form chromosomes. … A large structure called the meiotic spindle also forms from long proteins called microtubules on each side, or pole, of the cell. Between prophase I and metaphase I, the pairs of homologous chromosome form tetrads.
What happens during prophase quizlet?
What happens during prophase? A cells genetic DNA condenses, spindle fibers begin to form and the nuclear envelope dissolves. … The duplicated chromosomes line up and spindle fibers connect to the centromeres. You just studied 9 terms!