Which type of cell division is responsible for independent assortment?
When cells divide during meiosis, homologous chromosomes are randomly distributed to daughter cells, and different chromosomes segregate independently of each other. This called is called independent assortment. It results in gametes that have unique combinations of chromosomes.
How does Mendel’s Law of Independent Assortment relate to meiosis?
The Principle of Independent Assortment describes how different genes independently separate from one another when reproductive cells develop. … During meiosis, the pairs of homologous chromosome are divided in half to form haploid cells, and this separation, or assortment, of homologous chromosomes is random.
What occurs during independent assortment in meiosis?
Independent assortment is the process where the chromosomes move randomly to separate poles during meiosis. A gamete will end up with 23 chromosomes after meiosis, but independent assortment means that each gamete will have 1 of many different combinations of chromosomes.
What part of meiosis explains law of segregation?
These ‘laws’ are now known to be due to key events that occur during meiotic division: The law of segregation describes how homologous chromosomes (and hence allele pairs) are separated in meiosis I. The law of independent assortment describes how homologous pairs align randomly (as bivalents) during metaphase I.
Which phase of meiosis is responsible for principle of segregation?
Chromosome segregation occurs at two separate stages during meiosis called anaphase I and anaphase II (see meiosis diagram). In a diploid cell there are two sets of homologous chromosomes of different parental origin (e.g. a paternal and a maternal set).
Which phase of cell division is responsible for the principle of segregation?
The law of segregation is accounted for by anaphase of mitosis.