Quick Answer: What is the fifth chromosome responsible for?

What is the purpose of chromosome 5?

Chromosome 5 likely contains about 900 genes that provide instructions for making proteins. These proteins perform a variety of different roles in the body.

What chromosomes are responsible for what?

Chromosomes are thread-like molecules that carry hereditary information for everything from height to eye color. They are made of protein and one molecule of DNA, which contains an organism’s genetic instructions, passed down from parents.

What are some diseases traits or disorders associated with chromosome 5?

Cri du Chat syndrome

Cri du chat (‘cat cry’) syndrome is also known as 5p-syndrome is caused by a deletion on the short arm of chromosome 5 (5p). The most common symptoms are a ‘cat-like cry’, a high-pitched voice, severe early intellectual disability, low-set backwardly rotated ears and prominent eye-folds.

What are the 5 chromosomal mutations?

deletion is where a section of a chromosome is removed. translocation is where a section of a chromosome is added to another chromosome that is not its homologous partner. inversion is where a section of a chromosome is reversed. duplication occurs when a section of a chromosome is added from its homologous partner.

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What happens if you have 5 extra chromosomes?

In general, many affected infants and children with a 5p duplication have abnormalities that include low muscle tone ( hypotonia ); an unusually large head (macrocephaly), and additional abnormalities of the head and facial (craniofacial) area; long, slender fingers (arachnodactyly); developmental delay; and …

What is the life expectancy of a child with Cri du Chat syndrome?

The survival for children with cri du chat is generally good. Most syndrome related deaths occur within the first year of life. Several children have lived to be over 50 years of age. Genetic counseling is recommended for affected individuals and their families.

What is a person with incomplete chromosome missing?

Numerical Abnormalities: When an individual is missing one of the chromosomes from a pair, the condition is called monosomy. When an individual has more than two chromosomes instead of a pair, the condition is called trisomy.

When a person has Cri du Chat Syndrome What chromosome is altered?

Cri du chat syndrome is a rare genetic disorder caused by a missing section on a particular chromosome known as Chromosome 5. Sometimes, material from another chromosome is missing as well. Around one in every 50,000 or so babies is diagnosed with this disorder.

What chromosome causes Turner syndrome?

Turner syndrome, a condition that affects only females, results when one of the X chromosomes (sex chromosomes) is missing or partially missing. Turner syndrome can cause a variety of medical and developmental problems, including short height, failure of the ovaries to develop and heart defects.