What is meant homozygous?
(HOH-moh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two identical alleles at a particular gene locus. A homozygous genotype may include two normal alleles or two alleles that have the same variant.
What is difference between homozygous and heterozygous?
We all have two alleles, or versions, of each gene. Being homozygous for a particular gene means you inherited two identical versions. It’s the opposite of a heterozygous genotype, where the alleles are different. People who have recessive traits, like blue eyes or red hair, are always homozygous for that gene.
What is meant by homozygous and heterozygous?
Heterozygous is when different forms of a specific gene are inherited from each parent. Homozygous is when a gene inherited from each parent is identical. Basically, heterozygous means different while homozygous means the same. 4.
What is the difference between homologous and homologs?
Homology forms the basis of organization for comparative biology. A homologous trait is often called a homolog (also spelled homologue). In genetics, the term “homolog” is used both to refer to a homologous protein and to the gene ( DNA sequence) encoding it. … Such sequences are similar, but not homologous.
What is the difference between homologous chromosomes and non homologous chromosomes?
The primary difference between these two chromosomes – homologous and non-homologous lies in their constituency of alleles. Homologous chromosomes consist of alleles of the same gene type found in the same loci unlike non-homologous chromosomes, which constitute alleles of varying gene types.
What do you mean by heterozygous?
(HEH-teh-roh-ZY-gus JEE-noh-tipe) The presence of two different alleles at a particular gene locus. A heterozygous genotype may include one normal allele and one mutated allele or two different mutated alleles (compound heterozygote).
What is an example of homozygous in biology?
Homozygous means that the organism has two copies of the same allele for a gene. … For example, pea plants can have red flowers and either be homozygous dominant (red-red), or heterozygous (red-white). If they have white flowers, then they are homozygous recessive (white-white). Carriers are always heterozygous.
What is the difference between homozygous and heterozygous give an example?
A Homozygous individual carries a set of two identical (RR or rr) alleles while a Heterozygous individual bears different alleles (Rr). For example, let us consider the gene of the hair colour possessing two alleles, one allele code is responsible black (r) while the other allele code is responsible for black (R).
What is an example of heterozygous?
If the two versions are different, you have a heterozygous genotype for that gene. For example, being heterozygous for hair color could mean you have one allele for red hair and one allele for brown hair. The relationship between the two alleles affects which traits are expressed.