Quick Answer: What happens during independent assortment of chromosomes?

What is the purpose of Independent Assortment?

Independent assortment is a rule in genetics which states that genes split up independently of one another during meiosis. It is a mechanism present in eukaryotes to help promote genetic diversity in offspring.

What is Independent Assortment and when does it occur?

Independent assortment occurs spontaneously when alleles of at least two genes are assorted independently into gametes. Consequently, the allele inherited by one gamete does not affect the allele inherited by other gametes.

How does independent assortment result in genetic variation?

Genetic variation is increased by meiosis

Because of recombination and independent assortment in meiosis, each gamete contains a different set of DNA. … The result is 4 haploid daughter cells known as gametes. Independent assortment is the process where the chromosomes move randomly to separate poles during meiosis.

What is the function of independent assortment which occurs during metaphase I?

The law of independent assortment states that the random orientation of homologous chromosome pairs during metaphase I allow for the production of gametes with many different assortments of homologous chromosomes.

What is Independent Assortment simple?

: formation of random combinations of chromosomes in meiosis and of genes on different pairs of homologous chromosomes by the passage according to the laws of probability of one of each diploid pair of homologous chromosomes into each gamete independently of each other pair.

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What is Independent Assortment When does it occur quizlet?

Independent assortment occurs in Metaphase 1. The result of independent assortment is random distribution of maternal and paternal homologues to gametes.

What is independent in the Law of Independent Assortment quizlet?

The Law of Independent Assortment states that alleles for separate traits are passed independently of one another from parents to offspring. That is, the biological selection of an allele for one trait has nothing to do with the selection of an allele for any other trait.

How does independent assortment contribute to genetic variation quizlet?

independent assortment of our 23 pairs of chromosomes means there are over 8 million possible combinations. during meiosis, homologous chromosomes can swap parts of chromosomes, breaking up gene combinations that were inherited together. this increases the variation between gametes.