Question: What is the synonym of diploid?

What does diploid mean?

Diploid describes a cell that contain two copies of each chromosome. Nearly all the cells in the human body carry two homologous, or similar, copies of each chromosome. … The total number of chromosomes in diploid cells is described as 2n, which is twice the number of chromosomes in a haploid cell (n).

What is the opposite of diploid?

diploidadjective. of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number. “diploid somatic cells” Antonyms: haploid, haploidic, polyploid, monoploid, triploid.

What is an example of a diploid?

Diploid cells, or somatic cells, contain two complete copies of each chromosome within the cell nucleus. The two copies of one chromosome pair up and are called homologous chromosomes. … Examples of diploid cells include skin cells and muscle cells.

What is diploid in your own words?

(Entry 1 of 2) : having two haploid sets of homologous chromosomes diploid somatic cells.

What is opposite of haploid?

haploidadjective. (genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes. Antonyms: diploid, polyploid, triploid.

What is another term for haploid?

Haploid describes a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes. The term haploid can also refer to the number of chromosomes in egg or sperm cells, which are also called gametes. … Gametes contain half the chromosomes contained in normal diploid cells of the body, which are also known as somatic cells.

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What is a synonym for diploid?

In this page you can discover 11 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for diploid, like: haploid, polyploid, wild-type, aneuploid, tetraploid, clonal, spermatozoon, wildtype, spermatocyte, homolog and plastid.

Is a zygote diploid?

The zygote is endowed with genes from two parents, and thus it is diploid (carrying two sets of chromosomes). The joining of haploid gametes to produce a diploid zygote is a common feature in the sexual reproduction of all organisms except bacteria.

What are three examples of a diploid and 3 examples of a haploid cell?

Examples of haploid cells are gametes (male or female germ cells). Examples of diploid cells include blood cells, skin cells and muscle cells. These cells are known as somatic cells.