Question: What is the process of meiosis and mitosis?

What is the process of mitosis?

Mitosis is a process of nuclear division in eukaryotic cells that occurs when a parent cell divides to produce two identical daughter cells. During cell division, mitosis refers specifically to the separation of the duplicated genetic material carried in the nucleus.

What is difference between mitosis and meiosis?

Mitosis produces two diploid (2n) somatic cells that are genetically identical to each other and the original parent cell, whereas meiosis produces four haploid (n) gametes that are genetically unique from each other and the original parent (germ) cell.

What three processes occur during meiosis?

Three Ways that Genetic Diversity Occurs During Meiosis

  • Meiosis I and II. Meiosis occurs over two generations of cells. …
  • Crossing Over. …
  • Reduction to Haploid. …
  • Random Chromatid Assortment. …
  • Fertilization.

What happens during each of the four phases of mitosis?

The four stages of mitosis include prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase. … In anaphase, the chromatids get separated and the chromosomes are moved apart. In telophase, the chromosomes go to the opposite ends of the cell. As a result, two nuclear envelopes start to form.

What are 5 differences between mitosis and meiosis?

What Is the Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis?

Mitosis Meiosis
Number of cells created End result: two daughter cells End result: four daughter cells
Ploidy Creates diploid daughter cells Creates haploid daughter cells
Genetics Daughter cells are genetically identical Daughter cells are genetically different
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What are the 3 main differences between mitosis and meiosis?

Mitosis consists of one stage whereas meiosis consists of two stages. Mitosis produces diploid cells (46 chromosomes) whereas meiosis produces haploid cells (23 chromosomes). Mitosis produces two identical daughter cells whereas meiosis produces four genetically different daughter cells.