Question: What is the definition of a diploid cell?

Difficulties in definition

Which is the best definition of a diploid cell?

A diploid cell is a cell that contains two complete sets of chromosomes. This is double the haploid chromosome number. Each pair of chromosomes in a diploid cell is considered to be a homologous chromosome set. A homologous chromosome pair consists of one chromosome donated from the mother and one from the father.

What is haploid cell and diploid cells?

Haploid cells are those that have only a single set of chromosomes while diploid cells have two sets of chromosomes.

What is a diploid cell called?

From The School of Biomedical Sciences Wiki. Diploid cells, or somatic cells, contain two complete copies of each chromosome within the cell nucleus. The two copies of one chromosome pair up and are called homologous chromosomes.

What is a diploid cell for kids?

Diploid cells have two homologous copies of each chromosome. Ploidy is a term from genetics and cell biology. It is used to indicate the number of chromosome sets in a cell. Most eukaryotes have either one set (called haploid) or two sets (called diploid).

What is haploid cell?

Haploid describes a cell that contains a single set of chromosomes. The term haploid can also refer to the number of chromosomes in egg or sperm cells, which are also called gametes. … The number of chromosomes in a single set is represented as n, which is also called the haploid number. In humans, n = 23.

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What is the meaning of diploid in English?

diploid in American English

1. twofold or double. 2. Biology. having twice the number of chromosomes normally occurring in a mature germ cell: most somatic cells are diploid.

What is the difference between a haploid cell and a diploid cell?

Haploid cells have only a single set of chromosomes while diploid cells have two sets of chromosomes.

What is haploid diploid and triploid?

Haploid cells are cells that contain only one complete set of chromosomes. Diploid cells are cells that contain 2 pairs of chromosomes. Triploidy is a rare chromosomal abnormality in which fetuses are born with an extra set of chromosomes in their cells.

What is gamete?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome. … These cells develop into sperm or ova.