Question: How does Down syndrome affect growth and development?

How does Down syndrome affect growth?

Growth and development

Most children with Down’s syndrome are much shorter than other children of a similar age and the average height for adults is much shorter than the average for people without the condition; men usually reach an average of 5’2, while women reach an average of 4’6.

How does Down syndrome affect children’s development?

Down syndrome is a genetic condition that happens when a child is born with an extra chromosome. The extra chromosome affects the way the child’s brain and body develop, leading to developmental delays, intellectual disability and an increased risk for certain medical issues.

How does Down syndrome affect physical development in adulthood?

People with Down syndrome are typically hyperflexible. Over the years they can put increased wear-and-tear on their large joints (hips, knees, etc.). This leads to increased risk of osteoarthritis. Adults who are overweight or who were previously overweight are at increased risk.

How does Down syndrome affect puberty?

Occasionally the usual sequence of pubertal changes is not followed and the start of periods has been seen as the first sign of puberty in young women with Down’s syndrome. Girls have a growth spurt usually at the start of puberty and often their height only increases slightly after the start of periods.

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Does Down syndrome affect height?

As they grow individuals with Down syndrome often fall behind their typical peers. Adult males have an average height of 5 feet 2 inches and women reach about 41/2 feet. People with Down syndrome often have smaller hands and feet.

Do babies with Down syndrome grow slower?

Kids with Down syndrome tend to grow and develop more slowly than other children do. They may start walking or talking later than other babies.

How Can Down syndrome affect a child’s language development?

Most children with Down syndrome seem to have considerably more difficulty in learning the grammar and syntax of the language than with learning lexical items. Most children with Down syndrome show specific productive delays, first in being able to say single words and then in being able to produce sequences of words.

What happens to Down syndrome adults?

People with Down syndrome also tend to get age-related health problems earlier than others. This includes dementia, memory loss, and problems with judgment or changes in personality that are similar to Alzheimer’s disease.

Which condition do older adults with Down syndrome tend to develop?

Prevalence. As with all adults, advancing age also increases the chances a person with Down syndrome will develop Alzheimer’s disease. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, about 30% of people with Down syndrome who are in their 50s have Alzheimer’s dementia.

Can a person with Down syndrome lead a normal life?

However, with appropriate medical care most children and adults with Down syndrome can lead healthy lives. The average life expectancy of individuals with Down syndrome is 60 years, with many living into their sixties and seventies.

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