How does autism affect quality of life?
Almost all children with ASD have deficits in adaptive skills, many have intellectual disability, and others have co-occurring psychiatric disorders or symptoms. Thus, this complex disorder has shown to have a substantial impact on patients’ quality of life (QoL) and that of their families.
How does autism affect the brain and body?
A brain-tissue study suggests that children affected by autism have a surplus of synapses, or connections between brain cells. The excess is due to a slowdown in the normal pruning process that occurs during brain development, researchers say.
How does autism affect the body physically?
People with autism sometimes may have physical symptoms, including digestive problems such as constipation and sleep problems. Children may have poor coordination of the large muscles used for running and climbing, or the smaller muscles of the hand. About a third of people with autism also have seizures.
What part of the brain is damaged in autism?
The cerebellum is one of the key brain regions affected by autism. The researchers found that neurons that lacked the RNF8 protein formed about 50 percent more synapses — the connections that allow neurons to send signals from one to another — than those with the gene. And the extra synapses worked.
What body systems are affected by autism?
This paper first reviews research which shows that autism impacts many systems in the body, including the metabolic, mitochondrial, immunological, gastrointestinal and the neurological. These systems interact in complex and highly interdependent ways.
Can autism be a physical disability?
Yes, autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disability, based on a neurodevelopmental (brain-related) disorder. The disorder occurs when brain development is impaired by a number of structural and functional abnormalities.
Does autism affect muscle growth?
CHICAGO – Some kids with autism may have a genetic defect that affects the muscles, according to research that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology 60th Anniversary Annual Meeting in Chicago, April 12–19, 2008.