Which virus has a segmented core?
The influenza A, B, and C viruses, representing three of the five genera of the family Orthomyxoviridae, are characterized by segmented, negative-strand RNA genomes.
Why is having a segmented genome an advantage for influenza viruses?
Influenza virus is unique in that its genome is fragmented just like human chromosomes. This genome segmentation confers evolutionary advantages such as genetic reassortment, which contributes to the emergence of pandemic strains (1).
What is characteristic of segmented genomes and what types of viruses have them?
The type of nucleic acid is irrelevant to the shape of the genome. Among RNA viruses and certain DNA viruses, the genome is often divided up into separate parts, in which case it is called segmented. For RNA viruses, each segment often codes for only one protein, and they are usually found together in one capsid.
What viruses are segmented?
Among viruses that infect vertebrates, those that carry segmented genomes belong to the Arenaviridae, Birnaviridae, Bunyavirales, Orthomyxoviridae, Picobirnaviridae, and Reoviridae. Reassortment has been documented to occur in nature for each of these viral taxa [1–6].
What is a multipartite virus?
Multipartite is a class of virus that have segmented nucleic acid genomes, with each segment of the genome enclosed in a separate viral particle. Only a few ssDNA viruses have multipartite genomes, but a lot more RNA viruses have multipartite genomes.
Which of the following is not an RNA virus?
Retroviruses (Group VI) have a single-stranded RNA genome but, in general, are not considered RNA viruses because they use DNA intermediates to replicate.
Which virus is RNA?
1.1. RNA Viruses. Human diseases causing RNA viruses include Orthomyxoviruses, Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), Ebola disease, SARS, influenza, polio measles and retrovirus including adult Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
Are DNA viruses segmented?
With respect to the genome, viruses are broadly divided into DNA viruses and RNA viruses. Both DNA and RNA viruses can either single stranded or double stranded, with a circular, linear or segmented arrangement. DNA and RNA viruses are distinguished by their features, such as monopartite or multipartite.