Is gene expression the same as phenotype?
In genetics, gene expression is the most fundamental level at which the genotype gives rise to the phenotype, i.e. observable trait. The genetic information stored in DNA represents the genotype, whereas the phenotype results from the “interpretation” of that information.
What is phenotype expression called?
Phenotypic expression is the result of a complex interplay between an organism’s genes and its environment. During growth and development, organisms undergo a programmed series of phenotypic changes. … The ability to vary phenotypic expression in response to environmental conditions is known as “phenotypic plasticity.”
What phenotype means?
The term “phenotype” refers to the observable physical properties of an organism; these include the organism’s appearance, development, and behavior. An organism’s phenotype is determined by its genotype, which is the set of genes the organism carries, as well as by environmental influences upon these genes.
How do genes affect phenotypic expression?
The genome in which a genotype is found can affect the expression of that genotype, and the environment can affect the phenotype. Genes can also be pleitropic when they affect more than one trait. The single base pair mutation that lead to sickle cell anemia is a classic example.
What are the physical expression of genes?
The physical expression of the genotype is called the phenotype, the observable expression of the genotype. For example, people with blue eyes have the gene variant, or genotype, that produces the observable phenotype of blue eyes.
How do you determine gene expression?
Most of these techniques, including microarray analysis and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), work by measuring mRNA levels. However, researchers can also analyze gene expression by directly measuring protein levels with a technique known as a Western blot.
How do you quantify gene expression?
Gene expression measurement is usually achieved by quantifying levels of the gene product, which is often a protein. Two common techniques used for protein quantification include Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or ELISA.