Is a part of cell in which chromosomes are present?

Where are chromosomes present in the cell what are they made up of?

In eukaryotes, however, genetic material is housed in the nucleus and tightly packaged into linear chromosomes. Chromosomes are made up of a DNA-protein complex called chromatin that is organized into subunits called nucleosomes.

Is chromosome present in the nucleus of a cell?

A structure found inside the nucleus of a cell. A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

What are the parts of chromosomes?

A chromosome has generally 8 parts; Centromere or primary constriction or kinetochore, chromatids, chromatin, secondary constriction, telomere, chromomere, chromonema, and matrix.

What are chromosomes made up of Class 9?

Each chromosome is made up of two components (i) Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) (ii) Proteins (e.g.; his tones and acidic proteins) These consist of two (unreplicated) or four (duplicated) arms and a primary constriction or centromere which gives them a particular shape due to its position.

Where are chromosomes present in the cell and what is their function?

Chromosomes are thread-like structures present in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell, which carries genetic information from one generation to another. They play a vital role in cell division, heredity, variation, mutation, repair and regeneration.

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What is the role of the chromosomes in the cell nucleus?

Chromosomes are thread-like structures in which DNA is tightly packaged within the nucleus. DNA is coiled around proteins called histones, which provide the structural support. Chromosomes help ensure that DNA is replicated and distributed appropriately during cell division.

What is in the nucleolus?

The nucleolus is the site of transcription and processing of rRNA and of assembly of preribosomal subunits. Thus it consists of ribosomal DNA, RNA, and ribosomal proteins, including RNA polymerases, imported from the cytosol.

What are the 6 parts of chromosomes?

6 Main Parts of a Chromosome

  • Part # 1. Pellicle and Matrix:
  • Part # 2. Chromatids, Chromonema and Chromomeres:
  • Part # 3. Centromeres (= Primary constriction):
  • Part # 4. Secondary Constriction:
  • Part # 5. Satellite:
  • Part # 6. Telomere: