# How many chromosomes are in Patient A?

Contents

## How many chromosomes are in patient A’s karyotype?

Interpreting the karyotype

For example, 47, XY, +18 indicates that the patient has 47 chromosomes, is a male, and has an extra autosomal chromosome 18. 46, XX is a female with a normal number of chromosomes. 47, XXY is a patient with an extra sex chromosome.

## What was the diagnosis for patient A in the karyotyping replacement activity?

What diagnosis would you give patient A ? Patient A has Down’s Syndrome.

## What is the diagnosis for patient B?

Patient B’s completed karyotype is at the bottom of the page for reference.

Making a diagnosis.

Diagnosis Chromosomal Abnormality
Normal # of chromosomes patient’s problems are due to something other than an abnormal number of chromosomes.

## What is the notation for trisomy 13?

For example, 47, XY, +13 indicates that the patient has 47 chromosomes, is a male, and has an extra chromosome 13. More examples of this notation. Using correct notation, enter your interpretation of Patient A’s karyotype. The next step is to either diagnose or rule out a genetic abnormality.

## How many chromosomes are in Patient A?

In humans, each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, for a total of 46. Twenty-two of these pairs, called autosomes, look the same in both males and females. The 23rd pair, the sex chromosomes, differ between males and females.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Your question: How do you teach an autistic child to have a conversation?

## What is patient a karyotype?

Interpreting the karyotype

This notation includes the total number of chromosomes, the sex chromosomes, and any extra or missing autosomal chromosomes. For example, 47, XY, +18 indicates that the patient has 47 chromosomes, is a male, and has an extra autosomal chromosome 18.

## What is a karyotype used for?

A karyotype test examines blood or body fluids for abnormal chromosomes. It’s often used to detect genetic diseases in unborn babies still developing in the womb.

## How does karyotyping determine genetic disorders?

Clinical cytogeneticists analyze human karyotypes to detect gross genetic changes—anomalies involving several megabases or more of DNA. Karyotypes can reveal changes in chromosome number associated with aneuploid conditions, such as trisomy 21 (Down syndrome).

## How is Mosaic Turner Syndrome diagnosed?

If, based on signs and symptoms, the doctor suspects that your child has Turner syndrome, a lab test will typically be done to analyze your child’s chromosomes. The test involves a blood sample. Occasionally, your doctor also may request a cheek scraping (buccal smear) or skin sample.

## What causes Turner’s?

Turner syndrome is caused by partial or complete loss (monosomy) of the second sex chromosome. Chromosomes are found in the nucleus of all body cells. They carry the genetic characteristics of each individual and they come in pairs. We receive one copy from each parent.