What are three ways meiosis leads to genetic variation?
- random mating between organisms.
- random fertilization.
- crossing over (or recombination) between chromatids of homologous chromosomes during meiosis.
How does meiosis 2 contribute to genetic variation?
Because the duplicated chromatids remain joined during meiosis I, each daughter cell receives only one chromosome of each homologous pair. By shuffling the genetic deck in this way, the gametes resulting from meiosis II have new combinations of maternal and paternal chromosomes, increasing genetic diversity.
How does mitosis result in genetic variation?
Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. … These new combinations result from the exchange of DNA between paired chromosomes. Such exchange means that the gametes produced through meiosis exhibit an amazing range of genetic variation.
What two major events occur during meiosis that give the new cells genetic variation?
The first separates homologs, and the second—like mitosis—separates chromatids into individual chromosomes. During meiosis, variation in the daughter nuclei is introduced because of crossover in prophase I and random alignment of tetrads at metaphase I. The cells that are produced by meiosis are genetically unique.
How do meiosis contributes to genetic variation while mitosis does not?
Assess how meiosis contributes to genetic variation, while mitosis does not. During meiosis, the independent assortment of the pairs of chromosomes and crossing over provide a large amount of genetic variation. Mitosis produces identical cells.
How do meiosis and fertilization affect genetic diversity and evolution?
Meiosis and fertilization create genetic variation by making new combinations of gene variants (alleles). In some cases, these new combinations may make an organism more or less fit (able to survive and reproduce), thus providing the raw material for natural selection.
Why does meiosis result in greater genetic diversity than mitosis?
Mitosis creates two identical daughter cells that each contain the same number of chromosomes as their parent cell. Meiosis creates new combinations of genetic material in each of the four daughter cells. That is why meiosis results in greater genetic diversity than mitosis.