How does Down syndrome affect teeth?

How does Down syndrome affect dental?

People with Down syndrome may have small teeth, which can cause spacing between the teeth. They also tend to have a small upper jaw. This may cause crowding of the teeth and may result in the permanent teeth being “impacted” because there is no room in the mouth for them to come in.

What are the oral manifestations of Down syndrome?

The most common orofacial findings in DS include mouth breathing, open bite, relatively enlarged and protruding tongue, drooling, fissured tongue, malocclusion, low level of dental caries and poor oral hygiene (1,2,4-6).

When do kids with Down syndrome lose their teeth?

Commonly children start to lose baby teeth at age 6 with all teeth lost by age 13 years. Children with Down syndrome may not lose all baby teeth until they are 14 or 15 years old and may even keep some baby teeth if adult teeth are absent.

What should dentist do for Down syndrome children?

Today, children with Down syndrome should be educated in proper oral hygiene, and receive the benefits of both systemic and topical fluoride. Occlusal sealants are also recommended. Decay in the primary dentition should be promptly treated.

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Can tongue wear down teeth?

Acid erosion from within the body is usually typified by tooth wear on the tongue side of your teeth. This can happen with acid reflux from the stomach which wears away the enamel of the tooth.

Why do Down syndrome have slanted eyes?

Slanting and a fold of skin (epicanthal fold) are normal in people of Asian descent. Abnormal slanting of the eye may occur with some genetic disorders and syndromes. The most common of these is Down syndrome. People with Down syndrome often also have an epicanthal fold in the inner corner of the eye.

Why do Down syndrome people drool?

However, in Down syndrome individuals, there may be physiological alterations in the saliva flow rate and its composition which are fundamental to colonization of the microorganisms. These changes will reduce the protective function of saliva on the tooth surfaces [7].

Why does Down syndrome have tongue?

Sinus congestion will work against you here, as children who have Down syndrome often have upper respiratory problems. If you can’t breathe out of your nose, you’re forced to have an open-mouth posture, which encourages the tongue to fall forward.

Why do people with Down syndrome keep their mouths open?

A combination of anatomical and physiological difficulties result in open mouth posture and tongue protrusion. Many children with Down syndrome have hypersensitive (tactile defensive) or hyposensitive reactions to touch around the mouth.

Do Down syndrome babies always have their tongue out?

It is important to talk, sing, smile and make faces at your baby to encourage this development. Young babies often stick out their tongues and babies with Down’s syndrome seem to do so more.

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What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.