How does Down syndrome affect learning?
People with Down syndrome generally take longer to learn new things. New skills may need to be broken down into smaller steps than for other learners and more repetition may be needed to retain learned skills.
Why is it hard to learn with Down syndrome?
Verbal short-term memory
The ability of children with Down syndrome to hold and process verbal information is not as good as their ability to hold and process visual information. These verbal short-term memory problems make it more difficult to learn new words and sentences.
How does Down syndrome affect a person intellectually?
Cognitive impairment, problems with thinking and learning, is common in people with Down syndrome and usually ranges from mild to moderate. Only rarely is Down syndrome associated with severe cognitive impairment. Other common cognitive and behavioral problems may include1,2,3,4: Short attention span.
How do you support a learner with Down syndrome in the classroom?
Time to understand short, simple, spoken instructions. It is a good idea to ask them to repeat to test for understanding. Work with other children on a task where they can learn cooperation and social skills. Model the task for them, break it into smaller steps and gently and often repeat and practice.
Why do learners with Down syndrome have poor manipulation of motor skills?
Children with Down Syndrome tend to have quite floppy muscles (hypotonia or low muscle tone). This makes it harder for them to move and can affect all aspects of their physical development.
How does Down syndrome affect intellectual development in adulthood?
People with Down syndrome also tend to get age-related health problems earlier than others. This includes dementia, memory loss, and problems with judgment or changes in personality that are similar to Alzheimer’s disease.
What are the difficulties of Down syndrome?
Down Syndrome Learning Difficulties
Hearing and vision weakness. Fine motor skill impairment due to low muscle tone. Weak auditory memory. Short attention span and distractibility.
What are the limitations of a person with Down syndrome?
Severe heart problems may lead to early death. People with Down syndrome have an increased risk for certain types of leukemia, which can also cause early death. The level of intellectual disability varies, but is usually moderate. Adults with Down syndrome have an increased risk for dementia.
Does Down syndrome always affect intelligence?
It is usually associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features. The average IQ of a young adult with Down syndrome is 50, equivalent to the mental ability of an eight- or nine-year-old child, but this can vary widely.
What does Down syndrome do to the brain?
People with Down syndrome often experience a gradual decline in thinking ability (cognition) as they age, usually starting around age 50. Down syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease, a brain disorder that results in a gradual loss of memory, judgment, and ability to function.