Does Turner syndrome affect intelligence?
Intelligence is usually normal in females with Turner syndrome. However, affected females may develop learning disabilities, especially difficulties with visual-spatial relationships. An example would be right-left disorientation.
Is Turner syndrome a learning disability?
For example, Turner syndrome is a proposed etiology of the nonverbal learning disability – because of reported relative strengths in verbal skills, and relatively weaker nonverbal skills – particularly in arithmetic, select visuospatial skills, and processing speed.
Does Turner’s syndrome affect cognitive development?
Females with Turner syndrome (TS) often demonstrate a unique cognitive profile characterized by relative strengths in verbal domains and weaknesses in visual-spatial and executive areas. Several studies also suggest that girls with TS are at risk for social cognitive and emotion processing difficulties.
Does Turner syndrome affect memory?
Unlike many chromosomal disorders, Turner Syndrome is not associated with mental retardation. Normal Verbal Abilities. Impaired Visual Spatial Abilities. Impaired Working Memory.
What famous person has Turner syndrome?
Actress Linda Hunt and gymnast Misty Marlowe, Scottish actress Janette Cranky have Turner’s syndrome.
What type of disability is Turner syndrome?
Turner syndrome is not considered a disability, although it can cause certain learning challenges, including problems learning mathematics and with memory. Most girls and women with Turner syndrome lead a normal, healthy, productive life with proper medical care.
Is mental retardation present in Turner syndrome?
A minority (10% to 20%) of Turner’s syndrome girls has mild to moderate mental retardation and up to 70% have learning difficulties. In general, they have learning disabilities, attention deficit, and greater impairment on performance than verbal IQ testing.
Can you have Turner syndrome and autism?
Individuals with Turner syndrome often display social difficulties that are reminiscent of those associated with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD), conditions associated with empathy and mirror-neuron system (MNS) deficits.
These include selective impairments in nonverbal skills, slowed response times, increased rates of attention deficit disorder, increased risk for social anxiety, immaturity, depression, and anxiety. Shyness, social anxiety, and reduced self-esteem generally relate to the premature ovarian failure and fertility issues.
What is the life expectancy of a person with Turner syndrome?
What is the long-term outlook for people with Turner syndrome? The long-term outlook ( prognosis ) for people with Turner syndrome is typically good. Life expectancy is slightly shorter than average but may be improved by addressing and treating associated chronic illnesses, such as obesity and hypertension .
Is Klinefelter syndrome an intellectual disability?
Intellectual disability occurs in males with Klinefelter syndrome variants, who have a higher number of X chromosomes. About 70% of patients have minor developmental and learning disabilities.