How does Down syndrome affect sleep?
Children with Down syndrome in the five-to-nine-year year age group exhibited lower sleep efficiency, less total sleep time, spent more time awake after sleep onset, spent more time in a lighter sleep stage (stage 1 sleep), and had less REM sleep compared to typically developing children.
What neurological disorders cause sleep apnea?
Research indicates that patients with some certain types of neurological conditions such as myasthenia gravis, Parkinsonism, and myotonic dystrophy have a higher chance of suffering from sleep apnea. This is because these conditions may impair the nerves that control the upper airway muscles.
Which of the following features in patients with Down’s syndrome predispose them to have obstructive sleep apnea?
Patients with DS have many predisposing factors for OSAS, including midfacial hypoplasia and mandibular hypoplasia,7,8 glossoptosis, an abnormally small upper airway with superficially positioned tonsils and relative tonsillar and adenoidal encroachment, increased secretions, an increased incidence of lower respiratory …
Does Down syndrome cause sleep apnea?
Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at greater risk for development of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). The incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is estimated to be between 30% and 60% in the DS population.
What is the difference between Mosaic Down syndrome and Down syndrome?
Doctors and researchers use the term “mosaicism” to describe a mix of cells in the body. While people with the more common trisomy 21 Down syndrome have an extra chromosome in all of their cells, people with mosaic Down syndrome only have the extra chromosome in some cells.
Do Downs Syndrome babies sleep a lot?
Babies with Down syndrome may find it harder to develop sleep patterns, get to sleep and stay asleep because their physical features (narrow upper airways, larger tongues and low muscle tone) can make them wake more frequently and make deeper sleep harder to come by.
How intelligent is a person with Down syndrome?
People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children. Some common physical features of Down syndrome include: A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
How do you calm down a child with Down syndrome?
- Give your child chores around the house. …
- Have your child play with other kids who do and don’t have Down syndrome.
- Keep your expectations high as your child tries and learns new things.
- Make time to play, read, have fun, and go out together.
- Support your child in doing day-to-day tasks on their own.
Can sleep apnea be neurological?
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a serious condition that is common among neurological patients. If undiagnosed and untreated, it may lead to hypertension, coronary heart disease, pulmonary hypertension, myocardial infarction, stroke, psychiatric disorders, cognitive impairment, and, ultimately, death.
What does a neurologist have to do with sleep apnea?
Neurologists tend to provide treatment for sleeping disorders when the cause is thought to be neurological. Central sleep apnea, narcolepsy, insomnia, and restless legs syndrome can all be related to neurological issues and are best treated by a neurologist.