How many chromosomes are in sperm?
Chromatin is packed in a specific way into the 23 chromosomes inside human spermatozoa. The differences in the chromatin organization within sperm and somatic cells chromosomes are due to differences in the molecular structure of the protamine DNA-complexes in spermatozoa.
Why do sperm have 23 chromosomes?
One set of 23 comes from mom and the other 23 from dad. The egg and sperm cells are an exception–they have only 23 chromosomes each. A sperm from the man combines with a woman’s egg in her womb to make a zygote. The zygote ends up with a total of 46 chromosomes and can now grow into a baby.
What is the 23rd chromosome in the sperm cell?
When a sperm with 23 chromosomes fertilizes an egg with 23 chromosomes, the baby will then have a complete set of 46 chromosomes, or 23 pairs. Half are from the father and half are from the mother. The 23 rd pair is called the sex chromosomes. In females, the 23 rd pair is two X chromosomes.
Which of the following is formed when 23 chromosomes from the sperm cell and 23 chromosomes from the egg combine?
During fertilization, gametes from the sperm combine with gametes from the egg to form a zygote. The zygote contains two sets of 23 chromosomes, for the required 46.
Is there a YY gender?
Males with XYY syndrome have 47 chromosomes because of the extra Y chromosome. This condition is also sometimes called Jacob’s syndrome, XYY karyotype, or YY syndrome. According to the National Institutes of Health, XYY syndrome occurs in 1 out of every 1,000 boys.