Do chromosomes make up DNA?

What is DNA made of?

DNA is a linear molecule composed of four types of smaller chemical molecules called nucleotide bases: adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G), and thymine (T). The order of these bases is called the DNA sequence.

Are DNA and chromosomes related?

DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is the cell’s genetic material, contained in chromosomes within the cell nucleus and mitochondria. Except for certain cells (for example, sperm and egg cells and red blood cells), the cell nucleus contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.

How many DNA is in a chromosome?

One chromosome has 2 strands of DNA in a double helix. But the 2 DNA strands in chromosomes are very, very long. One strand of DNA can be very short – much shorter than even a small chromosome. Strands of DNA are made by joining together the 4 DNA bases in strings.

How is DNA different from a chromosome?

DNA is the smallest part that, together with proteins, forms a chromosome. A chromosome is therefore, nothing but a chain of DNA that has been made compact enough to fit into a cell. 2. A chromosome is a subpart of a person’s genes, while DNA is a part of the chromosome.

What comes first DNA or genes?

RNA has great capability as a genetic molecule; it once had to carry on hereditary processes on its own. It now seems certain that RNA was the first molecule of heredity, so it evolved all the essential methods for storing and expressing genetic information before DNA came onto the scene.

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Are chromosomes separate strands of DNA?

Image of a long, double-stranded DNA polymer, which wraps around clusters of histone proteins. The DNA wrapped around histones is further organized into higher-order structures that give a chromosome its shape. … Instead, it’s broken up into separate, linear pieces called chromosomes.