Best answer: What is the relationship between chromosomes DNA proteins and RNA?

What is the relationship between DNA chromosomes genes RNA and proteins?

Genes are composed of DNA arranged on chromosomes. Some genes encode structural or regulatory RNAs. Other genes encode proteins. Replication copies DNA; transcription uses DNA to make complementary RNAs; translation uses mRNAs to make proteins.

What is the relationship between chromosome and DNA?

The chromosomes serve as the structure that holds the DNA. The DNA acts as a complete set of instructions that tells our bodies how to develop. Storing more data than any computer, each chromosome contains all the information needed to give you a base for your physical (and emotional) characteristics.

What is the relationship between RNA and DNA?

The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA and RNA. Both DNA and RNA are made from nucleotides, each containing a five-carbon sugar backbone, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. DNA provides the code for the cell’s activities, while RNA converts that code into proteins to carry out cellular functions.

What is the relationship between chromosomes and proteins?

A gene is a stretch of DNA on a chromosome that has the instructions for making a protein. Each chromosome has many genes with humans having over 22,000 genes in all. A gene’s instructions for a protein are written in the three letter code I referred to before. A protein is a molecular machine that does a specific job.

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How does DNA relate to protein?

DNA carries the genetic information for making proteins. … The base sequence determines amino acid sequence in protein. Messenger RNA (mRNA) is a molecule which carries a copy of the code from the DNA, in the nucleus, to a ribosome, where the protein is assembled from amino acids.

Do chromosomes contain protein?

Chromosomes are made up of a DNA-protein complex called chromatin that is organized into subunits called nucleosomes. The way in which eukaryotes compact and arrange their chromatin not only allows a large amount of DNA to fit in a small space, but it also helps regulate gene expression.

How are DNA genes chromosomes and proteins related quizlet?

DNA contains the instructions, genes, to make proteins that tell what genetic traits the person will have. The DNA along with the proteins make up the chromosomes. The chromosomes are then passed on to the offspring, and with the DNA inside the chromosomes and translation of the genes, its traits are decided.

What are the roles of the DNA genes and proteins?

They hold the information to build and maintain an organism’s cells and pass genetic traits to offspring. A gene consists of a long combination of four different nucleotide bases namely adenine, cytosine, guanine and thymine. All living things depend on genes as they specify all proteins and functional RNA chains.

How are DNA and RNA related to proteins quizlet?

DNA is transcribed to RNA which is translated to protein. … In transcription, RNA uses a gene in the DNA to create a strand of messenger RNA (mRNA). Then it reads the DNA’s base molecules and creates a strand of mRNA using complementary base molecules.

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What are the advantages to having DNA RNA and protein compared to only RNA?

With the exception of certain viruses, DNA rather than RNA carries the hereditary genetic code in all biological life on Earth. DNA is both more resilient and more easily repaired than RNA. As a result, DNA serves as a more stable carrier of the genetic information that is essential to survival and reproduction.