What are the characteristics of a person with Down syndrome?
Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:
- A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
- Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
- A short neck.
- Small ears.
- A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
- Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
- Small hands and feet.
On the other hand, many children with Down syndrome have strong social skills. Even as infants, many use non-verbal communication to connect with others. They are often strong visual learners, understanding information best when they can see it, either through pictures, objects or demonstration.
What is a common personality trait of individuals with Down syndrome?
People with Down syndrome often are regarded as particularly happy, sociable, and outgoing. While in general, this may be true, it’s important to not stereotype them, even when it comes to labeling them with such positive characteristics.
What is the karyotype of a person with Down syndrome?
People with this condition usually have three whole copies of chromosome number 21, i.e. 47 chromosomes in their cells instead of 46. Trisomy means three bodies. Figure 36.4 is a picture (karyotype) of the chromosomes from a female with trisomy 21 (47,XX+21).
What are the physical characteristics of students with Down syndrome?
Flattened facial profile and nose. Small head, ears, and mouth. Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye. White spots on the colored part of the eye (called Brushfield spots)
What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?
There are three types of Down syndrome:
- Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
- Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
- Mosaic Down syndrome.
What are the emotional characteristics of Down syndrome?
The psychosocial and environmental triggers also lead to a state of generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive symptoms, and depression and sleep difficulties. They may be associated with weight loss, poor self care, and inability to be motivated to attend school or go to work placements.
Why do a person have Down syndrome?
About 95 percent of the time, Down syndrome is caused by trisomy 21 — the person has three copies of chromosome 21, instead of the usual two copies, in all cells. This is caused by abnormal cell division during the development of the sperm cell or the egg cell.
How does Down syndrome affect personality?
There are also reports of increased positive mood and predictability in behaviour in individuals with Down syndrome, supporting the more positive pleasant aspects of the personality stereotype, as well as reports of lower activity levels, less persistence, and more distractibility than other children, supporting the …
What is Down syndrome in psychology?
a chromosomal disorder characterized by an extra chromosome 21 and manifested by a round flat face and eyes that seem to slant (the disorder was formerly known as mongolism).
How do you deal with someone with Down syndrome?
- do not talk down to people with Down’s syndrome – treat them like anyone their age.
- do not just talk to parents or carers, talk directly to people with Down’s syndrome.
- do not use outdated and offensive language when talking to people with Down’s syndrome – see the Down’s Syndrome Association language guide.