You asked: What best describes a gamete?

What describes a gamete?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells. They are also referred to as sex cells. Female gametes are called ova or egg cells, and male gametes are called sperm. Gametes are haploid cells, and each cell carries only one copy of each chromosome.

What is the best definition of gametes?

: a mature male or female germ cell usually possessing a haploid chromosome set and capable of initiating formation of a new diploid individual by fusion with a gamete of the opposite sex.

What best describes a gamete cell?

gamete, sex, or reproductive, cell containing only one set of dissimilar chromosomes, or half the genetic material necessary to form a complete organism (i.e., haploid). … During fertilization, male and female gametes fuse, producing a diploid (i.e., containing paired chromosomes) zygote.

What are gametes short answer?

Gametes are an organism’s reproductive cells, also referred to as sex cells. … In contrast, each egg cell or ovum is relatively large and non-motile. In short a gamete is an egg cell (female gamete) or a sperm (male gamete). In animals, ova mature in the ovaries of females and sperm develop in the testes of males.

Is gametes mitosis or meiosis?

Gametes are produced by mitosis (not meiosis) and after fertilization a diploid zygote is created. The single zygote cell never grows or divides my mitosis. It can only divide by meiosis to produce haploid cells once more, which then produce the main adult body.

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What is a sentence for gamete?

Gametes sentence example. Pollen must be strong to protect the male gametes on their journey. The production of gametes , be they sperm in males or eggs in females, requires major changes in the mechanism of chromosome segregation.

What is another word for gamete?

What is another word for gamete?

sex cell zygote
egg ovum
egg cell oosphere
seed spore
megagamete germ cell

What are gametes quizlet?

Gamete. A sex cell that contains the haploid of chromosomes. Haploid. The number of chromosomes in a gamete of an organism.

What describes a Tetrad?

Each pair of chromosomes—called a tetrad, or a bivalent—consists of four chromatids. At this point, the homologous chromosomes exchange genetic material by the process of crossing over (see linkage group).

What is meant by an allele?

An allele is a variant form of a gene. Some genes have a variety of different forms, which are located at the same position, or genetic locus, on a chromosome. … Genotypes are described as homozygous if there are two identical alleles at a particular locus and as heterozygous if the two alleles differ.