What two ingredients are chromosomes made of?
Each chromosome is made of proteins and a single molecule of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Chromosomes have been defined as bundles of tightly coiled DNA located within the nucleus of almost every cell in our body. This unique structure of chromosome keeps DNA tightly wrapped around spool-like proteins, named histones.
What two biomolecules are in DNA?
Nucleic acids are key macromolecules in the continuity of life. They carry the genetic blueprint of a cell and carry instructions for the functioning of the cell. The two main types of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA).
What is chromosome composed of?
Chromosomes are made up of a DNA-protein complex called chromatin that is organized into subunits called nucleosomes.
What kind of molecules are biomolecules?
Biomolecules are an organic molecule that includes carbohydrates, protein, lipids, and nucleic acids. They are important for the survival of living cells.
Which biomolecule includes genetic material?
Which biomolecule includes genetic material? Nucleic acids contain genetic material.
What are the components of the DNA and RNA molecule?
Both DNA and RNA are made from nucleotides, each containing a five-carbon sugar backbone, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen base. DNA provides the code for the cell ‘s activities, while RNA converts that code into proteins to carry out cellular functions.
Which biomolecules are significant components of the cell membrane?
Cell membranes contain a variety of biological molecules, notably lipids and proteins. Material is incorporated into the membrane, or deleted from it, by a variety of mechanisms: The cell membrane consists of three classes of amphipathic lipids: phospholipids, glycolipids, and sterols.