What process restores the normal chromosome number?
The process of meiosis, the division of the contents of the nucleus that divides the chromosomes among gametes, reduces the chromosome number by half, while fertilization, the joining of two haploid gametes, restores the diploid condition.
Which of the following events restores the number of chromosomes to the diploid state?
The process of meiosis produces genetically unique reproductive cells called gametes, which have half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell. Fertilization, the fusion of haploid gametes from two individuals, restores the diploid condition.
How do you maintain the normal number of chromosomes across generation?
When these male and female gametes fuse to form the zygote, the DNA is restored to the normal complement and thus the chromosome number is maintained over generations.
How do cells return to normal chromosome number after meiosis?
The zygote must contain genetic information from the mother and from the father, so the gametes must contain half of the chromosomes found in normal body cells. When two gametes come together at fertilization, the normal amount of chromosomes results.
How is the normal number of chromosomes restored in the progeny?
This happens through sexual reproduction. When the male and female gamete (both of which are haploid) fuse with each other, a zygote is formed which is diploid. This zygote develops to form the offspring. So every cell in the offspring will now have the diploid set, i.e. the normal number of chromosomes.
Which of the following best describes how a diploid number of chromosomes is restored?
Which of the following best describes how the diploid number of chromosomes is restored in the offspring of these organisms? … Meiosis produces daughter cells with half the number of chromosome sets of the parent cell; therefore, the parent cell must be diploid.
How does a diploid organism restore its number of chromosomes If meiosis produces haploid cells?
If meiosis produces haploid cells, how is the diploid number restored for those organisms that spend most of their life cycle in the diploid state? … Sister chromatids separate in mitosis, while homologous pairs of chromosomes separate in meiosis II.
What process restores the human diploid chromosome number of 46?
Replication occurs prior to mitosis to produce gametes and fertilization restores the diploid number.