What are the four conditions for a population to be in Hardy Weinberg?
The conditions to maintain the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium are: no mutation, no gene flow, large population size, random mating, and no natural selection.
What are three major factors that can cause changes in allele frequencies?
The three mechanisms that directly alter allele frequencies to bring about evolutionary change are natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow.
How do allele frequencies change in a population?
Allele frequencies in a population may change due to gene flow, genetic drift, natural selection and mutation. These are referred to as the four fundamental forces of evolution. Note that only mutation can create new genetic variation. The other three forces simply rearrange this variation within and among populations.
What are the 4 steps in natural selection?
Darwin’s process of natural selection has four components.
- Variation. Organisms (within populations) exhibit individual variation in appearance and behavior. …
- Inheritance. Some traits are consistently passed on from parent to offspring. …
- High rate of population growth. …
- Differential survival and reproduction.
What are the four processes of evolution quizlet?
Terms in this set (4)
- natural selection. acts only on already existing genes.
- mutation. introduces new genetic material into gene pool.
- gene flow. refers to the spread of genetic material from one pop to another.
- genetic drift. random chance in the frequency of alleles.
Which of the following mechanisms change in gene frequencies?
Natural selection, genetic drift, and gene flow are the mechanisms that cause changes in allele frequencies over time. When one or more of these forces are acting in a population, the population violates the Hardy-Weinberg assumptions, and evolution occurs.