What chromosomes carry genes for the same traits?
Homologous chromosomes are chromosomes which contain the same genes in the same order along their chromosomal arms. There are two main properties of homologous chromosomes: the length of chromosomal arms and the placement of the centromere.
What chromosome determines traits?
Genes carry the information that determines your traits (say: trates), which are features or characteristics that are passed on to you — or inherited — from your parents. Each cell in the human body contains about 25,000 to 35,000 genes.
What are two chromosomes that have the same genes called?
The two chromosomes in a homologous pair are very similar to one another and have the same size and shape. Most importantly, they carry the same type of genetic information: that is, they have the same genes in the same locations.
What are 2 chromosomes that carry alleles for the same traits?
Diploid organisms, for example, humans, have paired homologous chromosomes in their somatic cells, and these contain two copies of each gene. An organism in which the two copies of the gene are identical — that is, have the same allele — is called homozygous for that gene.
How do you call the pairs of genes that carry the same traits?
homozygote. homozygote, an organism with identical pairs of genes (or alleles) for a specific trait. If both of the two gametes (sex cells) that fuse during fertilization carry the same form of the gene for a specific trait, the organism is said to be homozygous for that trait.
How does DNA determine traits?
Traits are determined by genes, and also they are determined by the interaction with the environment with genes. And remember that genes are the messages in our DNA that define individual characteristics. So the trait is the manifestation of the product of a gene that is coded for by the DNA.
How do new traits or new combinations of traits originate?
Mutations, the changes in the sequences of genes in DNA, are one source of genetic variation. Another source is gene flow, or the movement of genes between different groups of organisms. Finally, genetic variation can be a result of sexual reproduction, which leads to the creation of new combinations of genes.
Do homologous chromosomes carry the same alleles for all traits?
Homologous chromosomes are similar but not identical. Each carries the same genes in the same order, but the alleles for each trait may not be the same.
Are pairs of chromosomes identical?
The DNA sequences of homologous chromosomes are usually not exactly identical. The nuclei of most human cells contain 46 chromosomes. These 46 chromosomes consist of 23 pairs of homologous chromosomes, or homologs, meaning each of these pairs are alike, but not necessarily identical.
Do homologous chromosomes carry the same alleles?
Homologous chromosomes have alleles on the same genes located in the same loci. Heterologous chromosomes have alleles on different genes. Gene exchanges may occur at synapse. Gene exchanges may occur at translocation.