What causes the difference between the alleles of a gene?

What causes differences in genes leading to different alleles?

Genetic variation can be caused by mutation (which can create entirely new alleles in a population), random mating, random fertilization, and recombination between homologous chromosomes during meiosis (which reshuffles alleles within an organism’s offspring).

What are the causes of variation?

Genetic variation exists because of changes to chromosomes or genes (DNA). Mutations are random changes in the number of chromosomes (e.g. Down syndrome) or the structure of a gene (e.g. cystic fibrosis). Independent assortment during meiosis increases variation because it results in genetically different gametes .

What causes variation between plants of the same species?

Genetic variation within a species can result from a few different sources. Mutations, the changes in the sequences of genes in DNA, are one source of genetic variation. … Finally, genetic variation can be a result of sexual reproduction, which leads to the creation of new combinations of genes.

What is the difference between an allele and a gene quizlet?

What is the difference between a gene and an allele? A gene is a specific section of a chromosome where the base pairs that code for the characteristic are stored whereas an allele is the actual sequence of the base pairs in the section.

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What is the difference between a gene and an allele select the best answer?

A gene is a portion of DNA that determines a certain trait. An allele is a specific form of a gene. Genes are responsible for the expression of traits. Alleles are responsible for the variations in which a given trait can be expressed.

What is the cause of differences in each generation Class 10?

Genetic variation can be caused by mutation (which can create entirely new alleles in a population), random mating, random fertilization, and recombination between homologous chromosomes during meiosis (which reshuffles alleles within an organism’s offspring).

What are 3 reasons to explain genetic variations in meiosis?

Genetic diversity arises due to the shuffling of chromosomes during meiosis.

  • Process of Meiosis. A man produces sperm and a woman produces eggs because their reproductive cells undergo meiosis. …
  • Crossing Over. …
  • Random Segregation. …
  • Independent Assortment.

What are the two main causes of variation?

The two main causes of variation are mutation and genetic recombination in sexual reproduction.