What are the symptoms and effects of Down syndrome?

What are the symptoms or effects on the individual with Down syndrome?

Short neck, with excess skin at the back of the neck. Flattened facial profile and nose. Small head, ears, and mouth. Upward slanting eyes, often with a skin fold that comes out from the upper eyelid and covers the inner corner of the eye.

What are the short term effects of Down syndrome?

Eye problems, such as cataracts (most children with Down syndrome need glasses) Early and massive vomiting, which may be a sign of a gastrointestinal blockage, such as esophageal atresia and duodenal atresia. Hearing problems, probably caused by repeated ear infections. Hip problems and risk of dislocation.

What are the behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome?

Common learning and behavioral symptoms of Down syndrome include:

  • Delays in speech and language development.
  • Attention problems.
  • Sleep difficulties.
  • Stubbornness and tantrums.
  • Delays in cognition.
  • Delayed toilet training.

How does Down syndrome affect the brain?

We know that people with Down syndrome have difficulties with brain function, including problems with learning, memory and speech throughout life, as well as the onset in later life of increased cognitive problems associated with the brain changes of Alzheimer’s disease.

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Is Down syndrome painful?

Clinical studies of chronic pain have shown that people with an intellectual disability experience chronic pain and within that population, people with Down syndrome also experience chronic pain, but the precise prevalence of chronic pain in Down syndrome has yet to be established.

How does Down syndrome affect a child physically?

Children with Down Syndrome tend to have quite floppy muscles (hypotonia or low muscle tone). This makes it harder for them to move and can affect all aspects of their physical development.

What are the signs of Down syndrome in babies?

Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:

  • A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
  • Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
  • A short neck.
  • Small ears.
  • A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
  • Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
  • Small hands and feet.

Can stress cause Down syndrome?

Down syndrome, which arises from a chromosome defect, is likely to have a direct link with the increase in stress levels seen in couples during the time of conception, say Surekha Ramachandran, founder of Down Syndrome Federation of India, who has been studying about the same ever since her daughter was diagnosed with …

Can Down syndrome be cured during pregnancy?

The extra chromosome can’t be removed from cells, so there’s no cure for the condition. The chromosomes divide incorrectly by accident, not because of anything the parents have done. Although the chance of having a child with Down syndrome increases with the age of the mother, anyone can have a baby with Down syndrome.

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