What are the consequences of having a child with Down syndrome?

What are the consequences of having Down syndrome?

Down syndrome (DS) is a major cause of mental retardation and congenital heart disease. Besides a characteristic set of facial and physical features, DS is associated with congenital anomalies of the gastrointestinal tract, an increased risk of leukemia, immune system defects, and an Alzheimer-like dementia.

How does having a child with Down syndrome affect the family?

Like any child, those children with Down syndrome in cohesive and harmonious families were also less likely to have behavior problems and more likely to have higher levels of functioning. Mothers expressing poor relationships with the child and family were more likely to have high stress scores.

What happens to a woman’s chance of having a child with Down syndrome?

Risk for chromosome problems

The chance of having a child with Down syndrome increases over time. The risk is about 1 in 1,250 for a woman who conceives at age 25. It increases to about 1 in 100 for a woman who conceives at age 40. The risks may be higher.

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What challenges do children with Down syndrome face?

These complications can include:

  • Heart defects. About half the children with Down syndrome are born with some type of congenital heart defect. …
  • Gastrointestinal (GI) defects. …
  • Immune disorders. …
  • Sleep apnea. …
  • Obesity. …
  • Spinal problems. …
  • Leukemia. …
  • Dementia.

What happens when a baby is born with Down syndrome?

Potentially serious complications — The most serious complications of Down syndrome include heart defects, blood disorders that can include leukemia (cancer of the blood), and immune system problems. Heart defects — Approximately half of all babies with Down syndrome are born with (often repairable) heart defects.

Can a man with Down syndrome have a baby?

Most men with Down syndrome cannot father a child. In any pregnancy, a woman with Down syndrome has a 1 in 2 chance of conceiving a child with Down syndrome. Many of the pregnancies are miscarried.

What is the emotional impact of having a child with Down syndrome?

Depression, social withdrawal, diminished interests and coping skills. Generalized anxiety. Obsessive compulsive behaviors. Regression with decline in loss of cognitive and social skills.

How does Down syndrome affect a family financially?

Researchers found that average monthly out-of-pocket medical costs are about $80 more for children with Down syndrome compared to other kids. That adds up to about $18,000 over the first 18 years of life, the study authors said.

Does father’s age affect Down syndrome?

Dr. Fisch and his colleagues found that the rate of Down syndrome steadily increased with advancing paternal age for the maternal age group of 35 to 39 years. The greatest increase, however, was seen in the maternal age group of 40 years and older with increasing paternal age.

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Who is at high risk for Down’s syndrome baby?

Women who are 35 years or older when they become pregnant are more likely to have a pregnancy affected by Down syndrome than women who become pregnant at a younger age. However, the majority of babies with Down syndrome are born to mothers less than 35 years old, because there are many more births among younger women.

What age is pregnancy high risk?

Maternal age.

One of the most common risk factors for a high-risk pregnancy is the age of the mother-to-be. Women who will be under age 17 or over age 35 when their baby is due are at greater risk of complications than those between their late teens and early 30s.