What are the characteristics of Down syndrome quizlet?

What is the characteristic of Down syndrome?

A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm – although each person with Down syndrome is a unique individual and may possess these characteristics to different degrees, or not at all.

What are the social characteristics of Down syndrome?

On the other hand, many children with Down syndrome have strong social skills. Even as infants, many use non-verbal communication to connect with others. They are often strong visual learners, understanding information best when they can see it, either through pictures, objects or demonstration.

What are the emotional characteristics of Down syndrome?

The psychosocial and environmental triggers also lead to a state of generalized anxiety, obsessive compulsive symptoms, and depression and sleep difficulties. They may be associated with weight loss, poor self care, and inability to be motivated to attend school or go to work placements.

What are the characteristics of Down syndrome in infants?

What is Down Syndrome?

  • A flattened face, especially the bridge of the nose.
  • Almond-shaped eyes that slant up.
  • A short neck.
  • Small ears.
  • A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth.
  • Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.
  • Small hands and feet.
  • A single line across the palm of the hand (palmar crease)
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What are the 3 types of Down syndrome?

There are three types of Down syndrome:

  • Trisomy 21. This is by far the most common type, where every cell in the body has three copies of chromosome 21 instead of two.
  • Translocation Down syndrome. In this type, each cell has part of an extra chromosome 21, or an entirely extra one. …
  • Mosaic Down syndrome.

How does a person with Down syndrome act?

Down syndrome also affects a person’s ability to think, reason, understand, and be social. The effects range from mild to moderate. Children with Down syndrome often take longer to reach important goals like crawling, walking, and talking.

What does Down syndrome do to the brain?

People with Down syndrome often experience a gradual decline in thinking ability (cognition) as they age, usually starting around age 50. Down syndrome is also associated with an increased risk of developing Alzheimer disease, a brain disorder that results in a gradual loss of memory, judgment, and ability to function.

What is the difference between Mosaic Down syndrome and Down syndrome?

Doctors and researchers use the term “mosaicism” to describe a mix of cells in the body. While people with the more common trisomy 21 Down syndrome have an extra chromosome in all of their cells, people with mosaic Down syndrome only have the extra chromosome in some cells.