What are chromosomes in the nucleus called?

What chromosomes does a nucleus contain?

In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.

What is chromatin in nucleus?

Chromatin is a complex of DNA and proteins that forms chromosomes within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. Nuclear DNA does not appear in free linear strands; it is highly condensed and wrapped around nuclear proteins in order to fit inside the nucleus.

What is a section of chromosomes called?

Each section of a chromosome that contains the code for the production of a particular protein is called a gene . Each chromosome is made from a single molecule of DNA, but when a cell is ready to divide, the DNA copies itself, then coils and condenses to form the chromosomes that we see in micrographs .

Where is chromatin found in the nucleus?

Figure 1. The nucleus stores chromatin (DNA plus proteins) in a gel-like substance called the nucleoplasm. The nucleolus is a condensed region of chromatin where ribosome synthesis occurs. The boundary of the nucleus is called the nuclear envelope.

Are chromosomes visible in interphase?

During interphase, individual chromosomes are not visible, and the chromatin appears diffuse and unorganized.

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