What are the two main characteristics of autism spectrum disorder?
The primary characteristics are 1) poorly developed social skills, 2) difficulty with expressive and receptive communication, and 3) the presence of restrictive and repetitive behaviors. Young children who have poorly developed social skills may have inappropriate play skills.
What are the main characteristics of autism spectrum disorder?
These are some of the characteristics of ASD:
- problems with social interaction with others. …
- unusual interest in objects.
- need for sameness.
- great variation in abilities.
- under or over reaction to one or more of the five senses: sight, touch, taste, smell, or hearing.
- repeated actions or body movements.
What are the two main areas of autism spectrum disorder described in the DSM V?
DSM-5 criteria for autism diagnosis. Professionals diagnose autism spectrum disorder on the basis of difficulties in two areas – ‘social-communication’, and ‘restricted, repetitive and/or sensory behaviours or interests‘.
What are the three primary signs of autism spectrum disorder?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the following:
- Difficulties in social communication differences, including verbal and nonverbal communication.
- Deficits in social interactions.
- Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities and sensory problems.
What are the signs of being on the spectrum?
These might include:
- Delayed language skills.
- Delayed movement skills.
- Delayed cognitive or learning skills.
- Hyperactive, impulsive, and/or inattentive behavior.
- Epilepsy or seizure disorder.
- Unusual eating and sleeping habits.
- Gastrointestinal issues (e.g., constipation)
- Unusual mood or emotional reactions.
Why is autism a spectrum disorder?
Autism is known as a “spectrum” disorder because there is wide variation in the type and severity of symptoms people experience. ASD occurs in all ethnic, racial, and economic groups. Although ASD can be a lifelong disorder, treatments and services can improve a person’s symptoms and ability to function.
What does it mean to be on the spectrum?
“On the spectrum” usually refers to the specific set of behavioral and developmental problems and the challenges associated with autism spectrum disorder. A diagnosis of ASD means that your child’s communication, social, and play skills are affected in some way.