What is actually separated during anaphase II?
In anaphase II, the sister chromatids separate and are pulled towards opposite poles of the cell. In telophase II, nuclear membranes form around each set of chromosomes, and the chromosomes decondense.
What happen during anaphase 2?
During anaphase II, microtubules from each spindle attach to each sister chromatid at the kinetochore. The sister chromatids then separate, and the microtubules pull them to opposite poles of the cell. As in mitosis, each chromatid is now considered a separate chromosome (Figure 6).
What is actually dividing during cytokinesis?
Cytokinesis is the physical process of cell division, which divides the cytoplasm of a parental cell into two daughter cells. … Cytokinesis starts during the nuclear division phase called anaphase and continues through telophase.
During which stage of meiosis does the homologue separation occur?
In anaphase I, the homologous chromosomes are separated.
How do sister chromatids separate?
The sister chromatids are pairs of identical copies of DNA joined at a point called the centromere. … The sister chromatids are separated simultaneously at their centromeres. The separated chromosomes are then pulled by the spindle to opposite poles of the cell.
What portion of the spermatozoon contains the enzymes necessary for fertilization?
The acrosome of the spermatozoon has long been recognized to play an essential role in fertilization in the vast majority of animal species studied. Located in the anterior part of the sperm head, this membrane- bounded vesicle is believed to contain hydrolytic enzymes whose action is necessary for egg penetration.
What holds the sister chromatids tightly together?
During DNA duplication in the S phase, each chromosome is replicated to produce two identical copies, called sister chromatids, that are held together at the centromere by cohesin proteins. Cohesin holds the chromatids together until anaphase II.
What is Interkinesis in meiosis?
Interkinesis or interphase II is a period of rest that cells of some species enter during meiosis between meiosis I and meiosis II. … During interkinesis, the single spindle of the first meiotic division disassembles and the microtubules reassemble into two new spindles for the second meiotic division.